Civil War

The Schreiner University Department of History is honoring the sesquicentennial of the American Civil War with a series of short vignettes, focusing on events from 1861 through 1865.  The Civil War was the most destructive conflict in American history, but it was also one of our most defining moments as a people and as a nation.

This Week in the Civil War - #1038

Mar 2, 2015

  On Thursday, March 2, 1865 at Waynesborough, Virginia General George Armstrong Custer with 5000 Union troops  assaulted Jubal Early’s once powerful Confederate force now reduced to two infantry brigades and cavalry totaling between one to two thousand men.  Although escaping capture with his staff officers, Early later told of his “mortification of seeing the greater part of my command being carried off as prisoners.”  Over 1000 Confederates were captured, along with two hundred wagons, ten artillery pieces, and seventeen battle flags.  After resting for two days the victorious Union cava

This Week in the Civil War - #1037

Feb 27, 2015

  The close of February 1865 found the Confederate military effort in a precarious situation.  The end was near, and virtually all on both sides of the conflict recognized that fact.  Lee had prepared contingency plans for when Petersburg fell and Richmond abandoned.  Even if Grant could be stopped, a critical shortage of manpower hampered efforts to stop Sherman in the Carolinas, as he marched steadily northward.  With Wilmington, North Carolina now lost to the Confederacy, no more supplies would arrive from Europe to assist the Confederacy.  While the North prepared for Lincoln’s inaugura

This Week in the Civil War - #1036

Feb 26, 2015

  At this late date in the American Civil War and after months of relative inactivity, the Shenandoah Valley once again became an active theatre of war.  General Ulysses Grant had ordered ten thousand Union cavalry in the Valley under the direct command of Philip Sheridan to leave Winchester, Virginia and raid southward against the Virginia Central Railroad and James River Canal.  Grant hoped that this force could seize Lynchburg, Virginia and then either join Sherman in North Carolina or return to the Valley.  With only a token force of Confederates under Jubal Early’s command to oppose th

This Week in the Civil War - #1035

Feb 25, 2015

  On Saturday, February 25, 1865 General Joseph E.

This Week in the Civil War - #1034

Feb 24, 2015

  As Federal forces entered Wilmington, North Carolina, closing the last major port of the South, on the same day—Wednesday, February 22, 1865—Robert E.