Civil War

The Schreiner University Department of History is honoring the sesquicentennial of the American Civil War with a series of short vignettes, focusing on events from 1861 through 1865.  The Civil War was the most destructive conflict in American history, but it was also one of our most defining moments as a people and as a nation.

This Week in the Civil War - #1028

Feb 16, 2015

  After two weeks of thoroughly confusing the enemy, William Tecumseh Sherman crossed the Congaree River in South Carolina on Tuesday, February 14, 1865 and promptly turned the bulk of his army toward its true target of Columbia, the state capital, “without wasting time or labor on Branchville or Charlestown,” as Sherman later reported in his dispatches.  On the same day President Jefferson Davis continued to advise General William Hardee at Charlestown to resist evacuating the city as long as possible but left it up to Hardee and his superior in the field, General Beauregard, ultimately to

This Week in the Civil War - #1027

Feb 13, 2015

  With Sherman’s Union forces marching essentially unopposed through South Carolina, in Richmond, Virginia and elsewhere throughout the Confederacy there were increasing public calls for General Joseph Johnston to be placed in overall command in North and South Carolina, but Confederate General-in-Chief Robert E.

This Week in the Civil War - #1026

Feb 12, 2015

  Sherman’s relentless march northward through the South Carolina countryside effectively divided Confederate forces located in the eastern section of the state near Branchville and Charlestown from those Confederates stationed to the west at Aiken and in the state of Georgia.  On Saturday, February 11, 1865 President Jefferson Davis wrote General William Hardee that, if the Confederate forces in South Carolina could be concentrated sufficiently, he believed that Sherman could be defeated at Charlestown.  At the same time, however, Hardee’s immediate superior, General Pierre G.T.

This Week in the Civil War - #1025

Feb 11, 2015

  Thursday, February 9, 1865 witnessed important military command changes for both the North and the South.  For the Union, General Quincy Gillmore replaced General John G. Foster in charge of the Department of the South; Gillmore would focus on capturing Charlestown, South Carolina.  General John M. Schofield also assumed overall command of the Union Department of North Carolina. Schofield was expected to attack Wilmington, North Carolina and then join forces with William Tecumseh Sherman.  In the Confederacy, General Robert E.

This Week in the Civil War - #1024

Feb 10, 2015

  On Wednesday, February 8, 1865, the United States House of Representatives passed a joint resolution declaring that the southern states of Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Florida, Alabama, Mississippi, Tennessee, Louisiana, Arkansas, and Texas were not entitled, given the current state of rebellion, to representation in the electoral college which would formally certify the winner of the November 1864 presidential election.  Abraham Lincoln dutifully signed the joint resolution but refused to express an opinion on the disenfranchising of the southern states, even while