Civil War

The Schreiner University Department of History is honoring the sesquicentennial of the American Civil War with a series of short vignettes, focusing on events from 1861 through 1865.  The Civil War was the most destructive conflict in American history, but it was also one of our most defining moments as a people and as a nation.

This Week in the Civil War - #1101

May 28, 2015

  On Saturday, June 17, 1865 the fiery secessionist Edmund Ruffin, the man rumored to have fired the first shot against Fort Sumter at the start of the Civil War and the first person to enter that fortification after its fall to Southern forces, penned his last diary entry, writing “And now with my latest writing and utterance, and with what will [be] near to my latest breath, I here repeat, & would willingly proclaim, my unmitigated hatred to Yankee rule—to all political, social and business connections with Yankees, & to the perfidious, malignant, & vile Yankee race.” Ruffin t

This Week in the Civil War - #1100

May 27, 2015

  By presidential proclamation on Wednesday, October 11, 1865 Andrew Johnson paroled Confederate Vice President Alexander Stephens, cabinet members John Reagan and George Trenholm, Mississippi Governor Charles Clark, and the Assistant Secretary of War John Campbell.  All had been held in prison since the collapse of the Confederacy.  This act by Johnson left only Jefferson Davis in Union custody.  Davis was released on bail after two years; he became the president of a life insurance company and later turned down an offer to become the first president of Texas Agricultural and Mechanical Co

This Week in the Civil War - #1099

May 26, 2015

  At sea, the C.S.S.

This Week in the Civil War - #1098

May 25, 2015

  On Friday, June 23, 1865 at Doaksville in the Indian Territory Confederate General Stand Watie surrendered his Indian battalion of Cherokee, Creek, Seminole, and Osage to units of the Union army.  His surrender represented the last formal submission of any significant body of Confederate troops.  Afterwards, Watie led a Cherokee delegation to Washington to sue for peace, hoping to have tribal divisions recognized. The U.S.

This Week in the Civil War - #1097

May 22, 2015

  Given the success of Union forces in the field, on Monday, May 29, 1865 by presidential proclamation Andrew Johnson granted amnesty and pardons, with only a few exceptions, to all who directly or indirectly participated in the “existing rebellion.” All property rights were to be restored, except in the case of slavery and other special cases.  A simply oath of allegiance to the Constitution and to federal law was all that was required.  Such an oath for all was opposed by the Radical Republicans, who desired that only those who had never directly or indirectly supported the Confederacy be