Civil War

Week of Nov. 24 - Nov. 30
2:28 pm
Mon November 25, 2013

This Week in the Civil War - 708

On Tuesday, November 24, 1863 three Union divisions commanded by General Joseph Hooker began a difficult climb up Lookout Mountain, Tennessee, near Chattanooga.  Confederate defenders offered resistance at Cravens’ Farm, an outcropping of fairly level, mountainside land, but by the end of the day were driven off Lookout Mountain to the safety of nearby, strategically fortified, Missionary Ridge. 

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Week of Nov. 17 - Nov. 23
2:22 pm
Fri November 22, 2013

This Week in the Civil War - 707

On Monday, November 23, Ulysses Grant began his assault on Braxton Bragg’s Confederate forces besieging Chattanooga.  Two Union divisions successfully captured Orchard Knob, a strategic position approximately one mile in front of the main Confederate defenses. 

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Week of Nov. 17 - Nov. 23
2:20 pm
Thu November 21, 2013

This Week in the Civil War - 706

Union General Nathaniel Banks’ strategy in late 1863 involved invading South Texas and then slowly moving northward along the Texas coastline, seizing Confederate ports and installations. 

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Week of Nov. 17 - Nov. 23
2:17 pm
Wed November 20, 2013

This Week in the Civil War - 705

After concluding his speech at Gettysburg, Abraham Lincoln boarded the 6:30 pm train for Washington, D.C.  He was feverish and weak, suffering from a severe headache.  A protracted illness followed, which included a vesicular rash, as doctors diagnosed the president’s illness as a mild case of smallpox.  

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Week of Nov. 17 - Nov. 23
2:15 pm
Tue November 19, 2013

This Week in the Civil War - 704

On Thursday, November 19, 1863 at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania after a two hour oration by Edward Everett, President Abraham Lincoln rose and in little more than two minutes officially dedicated the battlefield’s national cemetery.

The president personally felt that his brief talk had failed, and in truth some in the large crowd failed to realize that the president was speaking before his comments had concluded.   However, the following day Lincoln received a note from Edward Everett acknowledging how near Lincoln had come “to the central idea of the occasion.” 

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Week of Nov. 17 - Nov. 23
2:13 pm
Mon November 18, 2013

This Week in the Civil War - 703

On Wednesday, November 18, 1863 a special train  left Washington, D.C. for Gettysburg, Pennsylvania.  Depressed due to the Union military situation at both Chattanooga and Knoxville and because of Tad Lincoln’s illness, President Abraham Lincoln related few stories en route. 

To his secretary John Hay, Lincoln remarked that he felt weak.  Upon arriving at Gettysburg, the president spoke briefly to a small crowd outside the Wills House, where he was staying the night, and then retired to work on his remarks for the following day. 

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Week of Nov. 10 - Nov. 16
2:10 pm
Fri November 15, 2013

This Week in the Civil War - 702

On Monday, November 16, 1863 Confederate troops under General James Longstreet, ordered  north from Chattanooga, were nearing Knoxville, Tennessee.  Union forces under General Ambrose Burnside had successfully withdrawn into Knoxville; the city was now besieged for all practical purposes. 

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Week of Nov. 10 - Nov. 16
2:08 pm
Thu November 14, 2013

This Week in the Civil War - 701

In mid-November 1863 the relentless Union assault against Confederate held, Charlestown Harbor continued.  From November 7 through the 10th 1753 rounds pounded Fort Sumter’s brick and earthen walls, with few Confederates wounded. 

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Week of Nov. 10 - Nov. 16
2:06 pm
Wed November 13, 2013

This Week in the Civil War - 700

On November 15, 1863 four divisions commanded by General William Tecumseh Sherman arrived at Bridgeport on the Tennessee River.  Sherman immediately went into Chattanooga to confer with Grant and to reconnoiter before moving his men closer to the city. 

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Week of Nov. 10 - Nov. 16
1:56 pm
Tue November 12, 2013

This Week in the Civil War - 699

On Thursday, November 12, 1863 in what was described as “the social event of the year,” Kate Chase, eldest daughter of United States Secretary of the Treasury Salmon P. Chase, married Rhode Island senator William Sprague. 

Salmon Chase’s presidential ambitions had long constituted the ruling passions of Kate’s life. She made herself absolutely essential to her father, helping with his correspondence, editing his speeches, discussing political strategy, and entertaining his friends and colleagues.

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