This Week in the Civil War

The Schreiner University Department of History is honoring the sesquicentennial of the American Civil War with a series of short vignettes focusing on events from 1861 through 1865.  The Civil War was the most destructive conflict in American history, but it was also one of our most defining moments as a people and as a nation.  Let us know what you think about "This Week in the Civil War."  E-mail your comments to Dr. John Huddleston at jhuddles@schreiner.edu.

Airs:  Weekdays at 5:19 a.m., 8:19 a.m., 4:19 p.m. on KTXI and 4:49 a.m., 9:29 p.m. on KSTX.

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Week of Jan. 26 - Feb. 1
1:51 pm
Tue January 28, 2014

This Week in the Civil War - 754

In areas of the Confederacy dominated by Union troops, President Abraham Lincoln desired the establishment of pro-Union, state governments. That meant that some southern states had both a Unionist government and a Confederate government, often times in exile. 

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Week of Jan. 26 - Feb. 1
1:11 pm
Mon January 27, 2014

This Week in the Civil War - 753

Union forces surrounding Charlestown Harbor in South Carolina continued their relentless bombardment of Confederate held, Fort Sumter. In three days, January 29 through the 31st, 1864 Union batteries fired a total of 583 artillery rounds at the now-battered but still defiant Fort Sumter. 

However, as important as Fort Sumter was to the Confederacy, Jefferson Davis and the Confederate military establishment refused to surrender the fortification, even though its military importance was destroyed by the Union bombardment.

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Week of Jan. 19 - Jan. 25
4:04 pm
Fri January 24, 2014

This Week in the Civil War - 752

Foraging to supplement an army’s meager supplies was, as William Tecumseh Sherman reputedly once said, a “right as old as history.”  While in the field or encamped during the winter when fresh vegetables were scarce, foraging was a practice employed by both the Union and the Confederacy during the American Civil War. 

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Week of Jan. 19 - Jan. 25
4:02 pm
Thu January 23, 2014

This Week in the Civil War - 751

The Union bombardment of Fort Sumter, Charlestown, South Carolina relentlessly continued through January 1864.  Since August, for approximately five months, Union batteries assaulted Confederate held, Fort Sumter, firing thousands of shells at the fortification and reducing its outer walls to rubble, with a surprising, small loss of life among her defenders. 

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Week of Jan. 19 - Jan. 25
4:00 pm
Wed January 22, 2014

This Week in the Civil War - 750

By January 1864 the much heralded Emancipation Proclamation had been in effect for an entire calendar year, and no doubt President Abraham Lincoln was more than ready for the war to end so slavery would exist no more in the United States. 

On Saturday, January 23, 1864 Lincoln approved a policy whereby plantation owners in the militarily occupied South would recognize the freedom of their former slaves and subsequently hire them under fair work conditions “to re-commence the cultivation of their plantations.” 

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Week of Jan. 19 - Jan. 25
3:56 pm
Tue January 21, 2014

This Week in the Civil War - 749

From January 21 through 25, 1864 Union forces conducted a reconnaissance of Confederate defenses on Matagorda Peninsula in Texas, landing near Pass Cavallo and spending the first two days marching through the marshland and lowlands of the peninsula. 

On the third day Federal forces captured a number of horses belonging to Confederate sentries who fled in the face of the approaching enemy.  The Federal incursion continued until a substantial force of Confederates were discovered encamped near the mouth of the Caney River.  Union forces then were evacuated by the Union Navy. 

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Week of Jan. 19 - Jan. 25
3:53 pm
Mon January 20, 2014

This Week in the Civil War - 748

During the war both the Union and Confederacy experienced soldiers who violated military codes of conduct. The most severe crime involved abandoning one’s post in the face of the enemy; however, many men went AWOL in order to provide for their families back home. 

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Week of Jan. 12 - Jan. 18
3:51 pm
Fri January 17, 2014

This Week in the Civil War - 747

On Tuesday, January 19, 1864, just as President Jefferson Davis had earlier predicted, Union naval vessels made a reconnaissance of Confederate Forts Morgan and Gaines which guarded the mouth of Mobile Bay, Alabama. 

Since the capture of New Orleans by David Farragut, Mobile Bay remained the most prominent port along the Confederate Gulf Coast. Ulysses Grant and other prominent members of the Northern military had urged an attack on Mobile to close the port to blockade running. 

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Week of Jan. 12 - Jan. 18
3:49 pm
Thu January 16, 2014

This Week in the Civil War - 746

On Tuesday, January 19, 1864 efforts to create a new Unionist government in Federal occupied Arkansas accelerated. A pro-Union constitutional convention at Little Rock, Arkansas overwhelmingly adopted an anti-slavery measure. 

Earlier the convention had selected Isaac Murphy as the provisional governor of Arkansas’ Unionist government; he would be inaugurated on January 22. The delegates also set Monday, March 14, 1864 as the date on which the people of Arkansas would ratify or reject by popular vote the proposed, new state constitution.

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Week of Jan. 12 - Jan. 18
3:46 pm
Wed January 15, 2014

This Week in the Civil War - 745

Human carnage is a tragic result of warfare.  However, it is easy to forget that while wintering the average Civil War soldier suffered greatly due to the cold, poor sanitation, and the general boredom of camp life.  Occasionally, tragic camp accidents would occur. 

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