Civil War

The Schreiner University Department of History is honoring the sesquicentennial of the American Civil War with a series of short vignettes, focusing on events from 1861 through 1865.  The Civil War was the most destructive conflict in American history, but it was also one of our most defining moments as a people and as a nation.

This Week in the Civil War - #1033

Feb 23, 2015

  On Tuesday, February 21, 1865 Confederate General Braxton Bragg arrived in Wilmington, North Carolina and immediately ordered the city’s evacuation.  Federal forces were within seeing distance from the city; any war supplies which could not be evacuated from Wilmington were to be burned on site.  On the same day Robert E. Lee wrote Secretary of War John C.

This Week in the Civil War - #1032

Feb 20, 2015

  On Monday, February 20, 1865 the Confederate House of Representatives authorized the use of slaves as soldiers, after lengthy and heated debate.  The manpower situation in the Confederate States of America was so desperate that a majority of House members now felt compelled to accept blacks into the ranks of the Confederate army.  However, at this late date in the life of the Southern Confederacy, there was no discussion of possibly granting emancipation for slaves who willingly served in the military.  Earlier in the war, some advocated offering the black man his emancipation when the So

This Week in the Civil War - #1031

Feb 19, 2015

  On Sunday, February 19, 1865, driving against Wilmington, North Carolina, Federal troops commanded by Jacob D.

This Week in the Civil War - #1030

Feb 18, 2015

  On the very same day--Friday, February 17, 1865—that Columbia, South Carolina was surrendered to Sherman’s attacking Federals, Charlestown was evacuated by her Confederate defenders.  William Hardee’s Confederates abandoned the birthplace of secession in 1861 and what some saw as the spiritual capital of the entire Confederacy.  The following day Northern troops under General Alexander Schimmelfennig accepted the formal surrender of Charlestown from its mayor.  A Federal band played “Hail Columbia,” awakening wild enthusiasm, as one observer described, in the hearts of the city’s black po

This Week in the Civil War - #1029

Feb 17, 2015

  On Thursday, February 16, 1865 William Tecumseh Sherman’s Federals arrived at the south bank of the Congaree River opposite Columbia, South Carolina.  Union artillery was directed against the handful of Confederate cavalry and civilians seen scurrying about the city’s streets.  With Federal forces virtually surrounding Coumbia, Confederate General Pierre G.T. Beauregard left only after wiring Lee that he could not stop Sherman’s taking the city.