This Week in the Civil War

The Schreiner University Department of History is honoring the sesquicentennial of the American Civil War with a series of short vignettes focusing on events from 1861 through 1865.  The Civil War was the most destructive conflict in American history, but it was also one of our most defining moments as a people and as a nation.  Let us know what you think about "This Week in the Civil War."  E-mail your comments to Dr. John Huddleston at jhuddles@schreiner.edu.

Airs:  Weekdays at 5:19 a.m., 8:19 a.m., 4:19 p.m. on KTXI and 4:49 a.m., 9:29 p.m. on KSTX.

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Week of Jan. 6 - Jan. 12
3:08 pm
Mon January 7, 2013

This Week in the Civil War - 478

The American Civil War exposed profound evils in American society.  While General Ulysses S. Grant played a central role in the war’s outcome, he also perpetrated one of its more unfortunate infamies. 

On January 6, 1863, President Lincoln rescinded Order #11, recently issued by Grant in December, which barred all Jews from the states of Kentucky, Tennessee and Mississippi.  In issuing the order, Grant accused Jews of profiteering from the black market trade in cotton. 

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Week of Dec. 30 - Jan. 5
3:05 pm
Fri January 4, 2013

This Week in the Civil War - 477

Unlike previous conflicts, the American Civil War saw the rapid transmission of news, thanks to the invention of the telegraph.  Within three days of the Emancipation Proclamation becoming official, the public was already offering divergent interpretations. 

On January 4, 1863, Reverend Nathanial Hall of Dorchester, Massachusetts told his congregation that the moral stain of slavery had “poisoned the whole atmosphere of American social life.”  As a result of slavery, freedom and justice in the country had become paralyzed. 

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Week of Dec. 30 - Jan. 5
3:03 pm
Thu January 3, 2013

This Week in the Civil War - 476

On January 3, 1863, the three-day Battle for Stone’s River concluded.  The battle had seen Confederate General Braxton Bragg attempt to assume a commanding position in middle Tennessee. 

Twice, Bragg moved against Union positions under the command of Major General William J. Rosecrans.  With the benefit of artillery and superior positioning, Rosecrans prevailed both times, and Bragg finally withdrew.  After having faced a string of disappointments in the previous year, the Union enjoyed a boost in morale in the battle’s aftermath. 

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Week of Dec. 30 - Jan. 5
3:00 pm
Wed January 2, 2013

This Week in the Civil War - 475

On January 2, 1863, the outcome of the bloodiest conflict in the nation’s history remained very much in doubt.  In the West, the previous year had seen the Union capture the critical port of New Orleans, and Ulysses S. Grant prevail, albeit barely, at the battle of Shiloh.  But in the East, the war remained a stalemate. 

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Week of Dec. 30 - Jan. 5
2:58 pm
Tue January 1, 2013

This Week in the Civil War - 474

On January 1, 1863, the Emancipation Proclamation took effect, as President Lincoln declared all slaves on Confederate territory forever free.  The declaration represented a shift in the President’s thinking. 

On August 22, 1862, the President had said that his “paramount objective in fighting the war was to “save the Union,” and if he “could save the Union, without freeing any slave,” he would do it.  The Emancipation Proclamation did not apply to slaves in the loyal Border States. 

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Week of Dec. 30 - Jan. 5
2:55 pm
Mon December 31, 2012

This Week in the Civil War - 473

On New Years’ Eve, 1862, Confederate Major General John G. Magruder set sail from Houston, on his way to reclaim the nearby port of Galveston.  Magruder’s fleet consisted of two vessels, both reinforced with compressed cotton to protect the invaders inside. 

As Magruder’s “Cottonclads,” entered Galveston Harbor, they seemed hopelessly outgunned by six Union vessels.  One of Magruder’s vessels was sunk immediately.  But, with his surviving vessel, Magruder prevailed on January 1. 

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Week of Dec. 23 - Dec. 29
2:52 pm
Fri December 28, 2012

This Week in the Civil War - 472

On Monday, December 29, 1862, General William Tecumseh* Sherman advanced toward the foot of the bluffs north of Vicksburg, Mississippi near Chickasaw Bayou. 

Over the next several days, the Confederate defenders successfully thwarted Sherman’s advance.  In this contest, Sherman’s estimated 31,000 troops suffered many casualties, while the Confederates with less than half as many—suffered few. 

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Week of Dec. 23 - Dec. 29
2:50 pm
Thu December 27, 2012

This Week in the Civil War - 471

In the days after Christmas 1862 fighting continued on many fronts.  In Arkansas, the Union Army of the Frontier, commanded by James Blount, attacked Confederate forces at Dripping Springs, Arkansas, and drove them through the town of Van Buren, capturing approximately forty wagons, four steamers, and miscellaneous supplies. 

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Week of Dec. 23 - Dec. 29
2:48 pm
Wed December 26, 2012

This Week in the Civil War - 470

Christmas Day, 1862 saw little respite from the war.  President and Mrs. Lincoln attended church and then in the afternoon visited with wounded soldiers in the many Washington, D.C. hospitals.  Sherman’s Fifteenth Corps continued its operations near Milliken’s Bend north of Vicksburg, Mississippi. 

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Week of Dec. 23 - Dec. 29
2:46 pm
Tue December 25, 2012

This Week in the Civil War - 469

On Tuesday, December 23, 1862, President Jefferson Davis by proclamation called the former Union commander of New Orleans, Union General Benjamin F. Butler, a felon, outlaw, and a common enemy of mankind. 

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